When working in areas where an arc flash is possible, it is important to know what the risk is, and how to best protect those in the area. To help with this, NFPA 70E has come up with Hazard Risk Categories (HRC) based on different duties in the workplace. These ratings are given to different types of clothing and equipment that can provide protection against an arc flash or other electrical event.
The ratings start at HRC 0, which offers virtually no protection, up to HRC 4, which is the highest level of protection listed. The different levels are broken down based on the minimum arc rating of the PPE in calories per centimeter squared.
Hazard Risk Categories
The following are the four hazard risk categories, examples of each, and what type of arc flash rating it will provide.
- HRC 0 – This is pretty much any type of normal clothing including long sleeve shirts, pants, hearing protection, safety glasses, and more. It provides protection from 0 cal/cm2, so it is insufficient for staying safe from any type of arc flash.
- HRC 1 – This is arc rated fire-resistant shirts and pants, or a arc rated fire resistant coverall. It consists of just one layer of true personal protection equipment, and is rated to provide arc rating of 4 cal/cm2.
- HRC 2 – This level of rating is also going to consist of the same types of PPE as HRC 1, but it will either be better made for additional protection, or an additional layer will be worn. This will provide protection 8 cal/cm2.
- HRC 3 – This level includes the same items as HRC 2, but along with an arc flash suit that meets the established arc rating requirements. This will be at least 2, and sometimes 3, layers of protection. At this level the minimum arc rating is 25 cal/cm2 of protection.
- HRC 4 – Here it is the same items as HRC 3, but with higher quality and protection levels. There should be 3-4 separate layers that are being worn, which will provide protection of at least 40 cal/cm2.
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- How do I prevent an arc flash from happening?
- How can I mark off arc flash boundaries?
- What types of PPE are there for arc flash protection?
- Are arc flash labels required?
- At what voltage can an arc flash occur?