CBRN stands for Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear. It is often used in the context of ‘CBRN defense,’ meaning what types protective measures can be taken to keep one safe from exposure to these types of hazards. This term can be used in workplaces where dangerous chemicals or other substances are used, for emergency responders. Most often, however, it is used in the context of warfare or response to terrorist attacks. Planning out the best CBRN defense for a given situation is essential for keeping everyone safe.
CBRN vs Hazmat
It is often mistakenly assumed that CBRN is covered under a hazmat plan, but that is not the case. CBRN incidents are situations that are typically going to be much larger in scope, or at least have the potential to be much larger. For example, when someone is working with a small radioactive item, they would need to use the right hazmat gear. When training someone on how to react should a nuclear reactor meltdown, CBRN defense would be required.
One of the most important aspects of CBRN defense is the gear that responders will be equipped with in order to protect themselves. Almost all incidents that require a CBRN defense plan will require strong personal protection equipment to keep people safe. This will typically include a full protective suit, a gas mask with respirator, air filters or a dedicated air supply, and much more. The global budget for CBRN focused gear and services is over $8 billion per year, which shows just how important this area is.
Preparing for the Worst
Any company that works with hazardous materials, equipment, or other items that could cause danger on a large scale should have a CBRN defense plan in place. This is also important for industries that work with or supply the military with items that they need. This plan would need to include the proper PPE, employee training, emergency response teams, and much more.
- What is the role of PPE in workplace safety?
- What are corrosive chemicals?
- What is a hazard?
- What does HACCP stand for?
- What are occupational health hazards?
- What is the hierarchy of hazards?
- How are hazards controlled in a confined space?
- What are hazard controls?
- What is process safety management (PSM)?