OSHA is responsible for ensuring companies in the United States are operated in a way that is safe for employees and the environment around the facility. When it comes to safety standards for cranes, derricks, and hoists, OSHA has a lot of different requirements that are designed to prevent accidents and injuries from taking place in areas where these types of machinery are used. This post will outline several of the key safety areas where OSHA has standards in place that need to be followed. Of course, any safety managers or machine operators will need to look closely at the specific requirements from OSHA in order to remain in compliance.
When a crane, derrick, or hoist is used to handle materials, it must be done with appropriate care. The specific actions taken must be in line with safety standards that would be used if the materials were on the ground. For example, when moving hazardous materials, all proper loading and securing efforts must be made in order to prevent a drop of any type.
Fall Protection Standards
Many cranes, derricks, and hoists are operated from locations that are up off the ground. In addition, they are also assembled at great height in many cases. Whenever someone is working at or above 15 feet off the ground, they must use some type of fall protection equipment. Even when lower than this, it is recommended to use a fall prevention device to keep everyone safe.
All the gear associated with these types of machines need to be properly maintained in order to avoid potential problems. This includes the machine itself as well as the load bearing cables, the hook or other attachment device, and much more. Having a problem with this type of equipment when it is in use can cause a major hazard to everyone in the area, which is why it must be inspected and kept in good working order at all times.
The machine operator, signal person, and others associated with the operation of cranes, derricks, and hoists must follow established communication standards. This includes visual communication such as hand signals. This type of communication allows everyone involved to avoid problems that could result in accidents.
There are many other OSHA regulated areas when it comes to these types of heavy machinery. Remaining in compliance with all OSHA regulations is critical not only to avoid fines or penalties, but also for the safety of everyone in the workplace.
- How should an overhead crane be left when not in use?
- Are fall arrest systems required for crane operations?
- What are crane safety inspections?
- What are the most common crane safety hazards?
- What are the requirements for tower crane inspections?
- What are the different types of cranes?
- Should cranes be labeled?
- Are crane operators required to be trained and certified?