Tower cranes are a common type of machine that are used to lift and move heavy objects from one place to another. They are often found at the top of large buildings during construction so that the materials needed to build can be safely brought up. They can also be found in harbor shipping areas so that shipping containers can be loaded and unloaded from the ships. Keeping these cranes in proper working order is essential not only for business workflow, but also for the safety of anyone working in the area. This is why cranes need to be inspected regularly, and any problems that are found need to be addressed.
OSHA & ASME Inspection Requirements
The two most common types of inspection requirements for this type of crane come from OSHA and ASME. They are the pre-operational, monthly, and annual inspections that need to be performed. As the names imply, the pre-operational inspection is done prior to each use of the crane, the monthly are done once per month, and the annual are done each year. Each one is more in depth and checks for different things to ensure everything is functioning as intended.
Who Performs the Inspection
The pre-operational inspection is going to be done by the crane operator. Any issues that are found will need to be fixed prior to using the crane. The other inspections will typically have to be completed by someone who is a certified inspector. Those who want to become certified instructors need to complete required courses and pass the exams to ensure they know what they are looking for. Some companies will employ their own certified inspectors, and others will bring in third parties to perform them when needed.
No matter which route a company takes, the important thing is that the inspections are done properly and documented. This will help to identify any issues that are present before they become a real safety hazard. The problems that are noted in the inspection will then need to be fixed in order for the tower crane to continue in operation.
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