The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is one of the largest agencies in the Department of Health and Human Services. The federal agency’s story began during the summer of 1946 when malaria was rampant in the South. Their sole mission back then was to prevent the disease from spreading any further than it had already.
Nowadays, their scope has broadened to the prevention and control of disease, food borne pathogens, environmental health, infectious and non-infectious diseases, occupational health and safety, injury prevention, and the promotion of overall health. Right now, they are the nation’s top leader in promoting health and preventing/preparing for things such as disease outbreaks. The CDC also works with other organizations, like OSHA, to help provide new workplace safety measures during an infectious disease outbreak.
The CDC operates within its centers, institute, and offices, together known as CIOs. These facilities are what assist the CDC in gathering information quickly as they each operate under their own expertise.
For example, there is one department for infectious diseases and one for non-infectious diseases. There is also a department for public health science and surveillance, an implementation science sector, and several others. By sharing resources, all of these departments are able to provide the public with consistent and well-researched information.
The CDC also works with other international groups like the World Health Organization (WHO). One of the programs that they are both working on currently is the International Health Regulations (IHR).
IHR involves 196 countries following a legally binding agreement where they must report, control, and prevent the spread of disease internationally. It involves initiatives such as the Global Disease Detection Program. To aid in this endeavor, the CDC has staff members in over 60 countries that are there to help monitor disease outbreaks that may occur.
- Who regulates workplace safety?
- What does HACCP stand for?
- What are workplace safety requirements?
- What does CCP stand for?
- What is meant by safety & health in the workplace?
- What is EHS?
- What does CBRN stand for?
- What is an occupational illness or injury?