CCP stands for Critical Control Point, a point at which preventative measures must be applied in order to reduce, prevent, or eliminate a safety hazard. Most widely used in the food industry, CCPs are essential steps within a business’s entire process, from purchasing raw ingredients to the way the food is plated and served for consumption. Hazards that may put a risk to food safety include chemical contamination and bacterial growth. CCPs to mitigate these hazards include testing ingredients for metal contaminants or chemical residues, and properly storing meat that will develop bacteria when left at room temperature.
To identify Critical Control Points in your business’s process, a hazard analysis must first be conducted to determine all the hazards that may reasonably occur. After the analysis, controls are established in order to address the known hazards. Together, an analysis and control points are known as HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points), a preventative approach to food safety and the basis for many food safety programs around the world.
A strategy that can be used to help identify CCPs is a decision tree. CCP decision trees help visualize and identify each step of the process, whether a safety hazard may occur at that step, and whether a task can be performed to prevent, reduce, or eliminate the hazard. If the task is vital for food safety, it is a Critical Control Point. Decision trees may also help determine whether the hazard can be completely eliminated, or if can only be reduced to an acceptable level. Once the hazards and CCPs have been identified, a monitoring procedure will be established.
An important consideration for each CCP in your business is to assign employees responsible for monitoring the control. If a process or product does not meet critical limits, this should be reported immediately. CCPs should also be developed and documented carefully; this paperwork may later on prove that food was indeed produced safely. Having Critical Control Points implemented as part of a food safety program helps to protect the health and safety of consumers, and prevents businesses from suffering the consequences of serving contaminated food.
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- What is a job safety analysis?
- What is the difference between a job safety analysis (JSA) and a risk assessment?
- What is composite risk management (CRM)?
- What is a JHA?
- What is process safety management (PSM)?
- What are occupational health hazards?