GMP stands for Good Manufacturing Practices. Good manufacturing practices are used to provide guidelines to companies that manufacture products for a variety of different industries. These industries include food services, beverages, cosmetics, pharmaceutical products, dietary supplements, medical devices, and more. Due to the fact that these types of products can have such a direct and immediate impact on consumers, it is necessary to ensure everything is made to at least a minimum level of quality, which is where the GMP comes in.
Details for the GMP
In order for a facility to be in line with good manufacturing practices, a company must meet GMP requirements in a number of different areas. The following are some of the key areas, though this is not an exhaustive list:
- The facility must be clean and hygienic.
- Environmental conditions must be maintained in order to prevent cross-contamination.
- There must be clearly defined controls in place for safety.
- Employees must be trained to properly document any incidents.
- Proper records must be kept confirming processes are followed.
- Any complaints that are made about a product must be documented and investigated.
- A system must be in place for recalling any products that are found to have a safety problem.
How are GMPs Enforced?
In the United States, GMPs are enforced by the Food and Drug Administration. This is done under Title 21 CFR. The FDA keeps these practices updated based on the latest standards that they have set for the industry in which a GMP is created. Internationally, the World Health Organization (WHO) also puts out versions of GMPs, which can be used by government agencies. Even in countries where there is no regulatory requirement for a GMP, companies will want to follow these practices so that they can more easily sell or trade with other businesses globally.